FWPFGM3215

Perform complex 4×4 operations

This unit of competency describes the outcomes required to perform complex four-wheel drive (4×4) vehicle operations, including operations over rugged terrain and water crossings.
The unit applies to those who operate a four-wheel drive-in forest and timber processing environments. Licensing, legislative, regulatory, or certification requirements apply to this unit in some states and territories at the time of publication and may differ according to jurisdiction.

Performance Evidence

A person demonstrating competency in this unit must satisfy all of the elements, performance criteria and foundation skills of this unit.  If a specific volume or frequency is not stated below, then evidence must be provided that the following requirements have been performed on at least one occasion:

  • follow applicable legal and regulatory requirements, and codes of practice relevant to performing complex 4×4 operations
  • follow organisational policies and procedures relevant to performing complex 4×4 operations
  • assess the safety and potential hazards of planned water and rugged terrain crossings including consideration of:
  • assessment of water speed and depth
  • underwater hazards
  • debris in water
  • rocks and other unexpected obstacles
  • variable water depth and width of crossing
  • risk of vehicle being swept down the waterway
  • tidal influences
  • wet and iced terrain
  • flooded terrain
  • fire in vehicle
  • faulty brakes
  • leaking fuel
  • faulty steering mechanism on vehicle
  • animals and objects in vehicle path
  • crocodiles and snakes in some areas
  • windy or foggy sections of terrain
  • steep slopes
  • slippery surfaces
  • land slides
  • tree limbs
  • black ice
  • trailers
  • safely perform 4×4 operations over rugged terrain and water crossings in line with the conditions and 4×4 operating requirements
  • select correct gear/range to negotiate terrain
  • engage and disengage freewheel hubs in line with driving conditions
  • identify safe locations for entry into and out of a waterway
  • identify and prepare supplies and resources appropriate to the journey
  • use correct techniques to safely stop and start on steep terrain
  • use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment.

Knowledge

A person competent in this unit must be able to demonstrate knowledge of:

  • applicable regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes when performing complex 4×4 operations
  • environmental risks and hazards, organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for performing complex 4×4 operations
  • road rules, regulations, permit and licence requirements of the relevant state or territory
  • operational knowledge of 4×4 vehicle, including controls, instruments and indicators, and their use
  • environmental protection requirements relating to 4×4 operations in rugged terrain
  • organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for performing complex 4×4 operations
  • road rules, regulations, permit and licence requirements of the relevant state or territory
  • operational knowledge of 4×4 vehicle, including controls, instruments and indicators and their use
  • four-wheel drive techniques, including to safely cross water and operate 4×4 vehicle in rugged terrain
  • vehicle maintenance requirements following water crossings
  • established communication channels and protocols
  • vehicle problem identification and common vehicle fault-finding techniques
  • common vehicle operating problems and appropriate operator response in line with organisational and manufacturer requirements
  • types of tools and equipment, and procedures for their safe use and maintenance.

Assessment

The following resources must be made available:

  • manual or automatic or all-wheel drive (AWD) four-wheel drive
  • access to a water crossing and rugged terrain with safe entry into and out of a waterway, shallow run-ins and a firm base
  • locations that minimise the impact on the environment
  • personal protective equipment required for performing complex 4×4 operations.

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or a simulated environment that accurately reflects performance in a real workplace setting.

COURSE CONTENTS

This course is delivered over one 8-hour day. The course is run with a candidate to assessor ratio of 3-1. The course includes the following:

Theory

Two-hour PowerPoint presentation covering:

  • Prestart/post operational checks – load security/fault finding
  • Legal requirements and company policy/procedure – land access
  • Defensive driving techniques – night driving/animals/wet roads/environmental impacts
  • Journey management – fatigue/using GPS/communication/weather restrictions/convoy procedures
  • Four-wheel drive systems – free-wheeling hubs/differences 2wd-4wd/constant 4wd
  • On/off road driving techniques – hazard identification
  • Water crossings – risks, pre-entry/post-exit checks
  • Emergency procedures

This is followed by a one hour written exam on the theory content.

Practical

The practical element of this course includes the following:

  • Prestart/post operational checks – load security/fault repair
  • Journey management – food/water etc, programme GPS
  • Driving on unsealed roads – emergency braking
  • Water crossings – set up, risks, post crossing checks
  • Driving on rugged/uneven terrain – up/down hills, sand/mud/rocks
  • Recover vehicle from hillside – reverse/forward stalls
  • Basic maintenance – Change bulb/fuse, charge a battery/jump start vehicle